Male infertility

PCR analysis of Y-chromosome micro deletions is now standard practice in many infertility centers.

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Analysis of the Y chromosome in men with azoospermia or severe oligozoospermia has resulted in the identification of three regions in the euchromatic part of the long arm of the human Y chromosome (Yq11) that are frequently deleted in men with otherwise unexplained spermatogenic failure.

PCR analysis of micro deletions in the AZFa, AZFb and AZFc (AZF: Azoospermia Factor) regions of the human Y chromosome is an important screening tool in the work-up of infertile males opting for assisted reproductive techniques. Y chromosome micro deletions are the most common genetic cause of male infertility and screening for these micro deletions in azoospermic or severely oligospermic men is now standard practice in many infertility centers.

Diagnostic testing using the Devyser AZF kits relies on PCR amplification of sequence-tagged sites (STS) in the AZFa, AZFb and AZFc regions on the Y-chromosome followed by analysis by capillary electrophoresis. Successful amplification of an STS marker indicates presence, whereas absence of PCR amplification is indicative of deletion.

Devyser’s unique single-tube approach simplifies the workflow, reduces hands-on time and minimizes the risk of sample mix-up and contamination during both basic and extended AZF analysis.

Scientific publications

A different look at genetic factors in individuals with non-obstructive azoospermia or oligospermia in our research study: To whom, which threshold, when, in what way?, E. Gumus et al.,  Revista Internacional de Andrología, Volume19, Issue 1, January–March 2021, Pages 41-48.

Analysis of Y-chromosomal microdeletions in an azoospermic patient candidate for an assisted reproductive technique. M. Rongioletti et al., American Journal of Clinical Pathology, Volume 142, Issue suppl_1, October 2014, Page A190.

EAA/EMQN best practice guidelines for molecular diagnosis of Y-chromosomal microdeletions: state-of-the-art 2013. Krausz, C. et al., Andrology. 2014 Jan;2(1):5-19.

Analysis of the AZF region in slovak men with azoospermia. J.Bernasovská et al., International Journal of Medical, Medicine and Health Sciences: 7.0 (9); 2014.

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